It is the main element of the party and, as such, it is the fantastic animal that represents St. Sadurní. It is a giant reproduction of the insect in its winged stage. The phylloxera was first built by a group called \"El Taller\" released for \"Fires i Festes\" on 1981. It was a figure made of an iron structure recovered with a certain mesh and afterwards finished with paper pulp. The tail was part of the fabric over a metal skeleton. The first year, three people had to hold it from the inside part. Later, Then, they add legs with wheels.
In 1990 it was replaced by the current. It is more faithful to the shape of the real insect. The artisan was Amadeu Ferre and he made it with fiberglass, it is 7m long and 5m wide with the four wings extended. It is 2.5m high and it weighs 305 kg. This phylloxera spits fire from its mouth, and also from his antennae, the wings and its tail. Three people are carrying the element from the inside part, despite of its size, has a great mobility. The phylloxera appears accompanied by the rhythm of big and small drums.
The group of farmers represents the amount of population in Sant Sadurní that suffered and fought later with his personal effort against the phylloxera plague. The giants of the Seven wise of Greece represents specific people. And the farmers’ faces have been made from old anonymous photographs, in which appears farmers from Sant Sadurní in the phylloxera years, because the farmers’ dance main aim is to represent the whole population.
The first years, people interpreted this dance with the typical costumes of traditional peasant –velvet pants and flowered skirts, white shirt, \"espardenyes\" (typical catalan sandal) white shirt, straw hats, also a wicker basket or a sulfate machine... -. In 2001 this item was remodeled with the construction of some big heads made of cardboard stone by Montse Mateu, with outfits designed by Cristina Güell and developed by a team that collaborates with the party. There are 12 figures; each one is 5 to 6 kg.
Formed in a circle, the farmers dance a piece for clarinet by Jaume Esteva (1982). Although the arrangements of the melody, it also has been enriched with other instruments.
The small phylloxeras
There are 30 small phylloxeras, one for each day of September, the month of harvest. They are a free version of the insect and they were made with fiberglass in 1987. They were made by Dolores Sans. They are 1 m tall and their weigh is 8 kg. Everyone is carried by an adult and they have crackers on the antennas. Like the big phylloxera, they dance with the rhythm of drums.
The grapevines are at the phylloxera celebration since its first edition in 1982. The group "El Taller" initially made seven big-heads homemade, with paper pulp, which had already incorporated the three iron branches that the day of the festival are decorated with tender grapevine branches and bangers (firecrackers).
Since 1989 the group of grapevines is composed by 14 big heads of fiberglass (6 kg), and the artisan was Dolores Sans. The master big head represents the top of the trunk of the plant, where come out the branches that give the fruit. People who carry a big head are wearing clothes in brown color with a leaf print. Each grapevine dances with a companion that guides them while making them evolve around the square. Because the first vines they made had no visibility. When they made the grapevines, they made small openings for the eyes, but they were still insufficient even dancing amount the crowd. But anyway the figure of the companion had become an element of the party and therefore remains despite the changes that were made in 2009, which expanded the very visibility of the grapevines. The grapevines dance to the rhythm of the music band composed by Antoni Torelló i Casanovas, that the small phylloxera orchestra plays. The grapevines dance around the square, along with the appearance of the small phylloxera. It is the most suitable moment of the party for the public to participate and add spontaneously into the show.
The Seven wise of Greece
From the very beginning, it was clear that inside of the show we had to differentiate the majority of the population in Sant Sadurní as farmers than the owners that guide the fight against the plague, identified with a popular expression "Seven wise of Greece." It was not mythologizing these characters, but showed that the farmers and the owners lived and suffered in a different way the phylloxera plague.
The decision on who should be the Seven wise became from a book reference published in 1909 by the then city clerk, Pelegrí Torelló: "The names of Mir, Marc and Rafael, of Manuel Raventos, Francisco Romeu, Pere Rovira de la Foradada, Modest Casanovas and the remarkably doctor Antonio Escayola, as the director of the Region, can be found as those who promote that campaign". That is the connection among those seven characters that Pelegrí Torelló makes, the one that the Phylloxera Commission adopted, as its Seven wise of Greece.
The Seven wise of Greece joined the party of phylloxera between 1993 and 1999, a yearly. The three first ones were the giants of Mercè Gost Merced, Mercè Beneit i Montse Mateu, that is who took over the construction of the others, always based on real people from the photographs. All giants are made of cardboard paper, they are 2.5 m high and their weigh is between 20 and 30 kg. The music for the Seven Wise Men dance is a waltz by Joan Garrobé.